Saturday, February 8, 2020
Information Graphics - Assignment Example The term Ã¢â¬Å"graphicsÃ¢â¬ is used for representations where the basic goal is art or entertainment; on the other hand the term Ã¢â¬Å"information graphicsÃ¢â¬ is used for graphics with the purpose of visually present information (Wikiviz, 2007). Ã¢â¬Å"Normally, graphics are acknowledged as pictures. These pictures can be practical, cartoonish, places or stylized drawings of people, and objects. The photographs taken with a digital camera or scanned from print photos can also be considered as graphicsÃ¢â¬ (Bear, 2009). Ã¢â¬Å"Graphics attract concentration to the material or direct concentration inside the material. With anticipation making use of the graphics in this mode will enhance the possibility that a viewer will keep in mind the materialÃ¢â¬ (Skaalid, 1999). Visual information has the complicated job of enlightening the imperative spirit of a state of affairs devoid of unnecessary complication. The risk is over generalization will give up insight into the state of affairs. There is an active pressure between simplicity and insight which must be handled to meet the criteria as in excess of graphical data (Soellner, 2009). Ã¢â¬Å"Information graphics or info-graphics expose the hidden information or knowledge, elucidates the multifaceted as well as clarify the information or data that is difficult to understandÃ¢â¬ (Rajamanickam, 2007). Building visual demonstration of information is not straightforward conversion of what be able to be interpret to what be able to be observed. It involves sorting out the knowledge, data and information setting up associations, actuating outlines as well as instead of them in a way that facilitates a client of that data or information build significant information (Rajamanickam, 2007). In the consideration sparse world of nowadays, info-graphics are used by the communications and media businesses through storm. Since
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Ethiopian Egyptian peasant Essay I. Introduction In any civilization the peasants are always the backbone of the economy. They were the ones who produced the food needed for survival and commerce and lend labor to build great empires. By the sweat of their brow they toil and labor in the land unceasingly. The fruit of their labors not only sustain the economy but also enabled the ruling monarch or leaders to live, if not luxurious, then at least comfortable lives. However, in spite of the peasantsÃ¢â¬â¢ backbreaking labors and the importance of their job in any civilized society, the royalty or appointed rulers did not reward their efforts accordingly but sadly down through the centuries subjected the peasants to so many abuses and neglect. This paper will specifically discuss the relationships existing between the rulers/ government to the Ethiopian and Egyptian peasants before the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s. It can be seen that the relationship was more on dictatorship made possible through religious, physical and intellectual enslavement. Naturally, such a relationship subjected the peasants to povertyÃ Ã and hardships. II. The Egyptians Peasants Like the rest of the ancient world, the Egyptian people lived an agricultural life. Such a life seemed so far removed from the common stories heard about Egypt; the glory of its treasures and pyramids. EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s glorious past connotes an image of ancient Egyptians living more advanced, luxurious lives, as if all they do was to gather treasuresÃ and eat in abundance; well, in some sense they are true, but only for their rulers, noble families, and priests. The rest of the Egyptian population of long ago, especially before the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s, were poor peasants who have to rely on the predictability of the Nile flooding to plant and harvest crops. The peasants (fellahin) however, were very much connected to the glories of Egypt for it was their Ã¢â¬Å"constant, persevering, unacknowledged, often despised, and always ill-rewarded toil as tiller of the land that made possible all the achievements of Egypt ensuring for it a leading position among the nations of preclassical antiquity.Ã¢â¬ Needless to say, it was the sweat of the fellahin thatÃ produced the great pyramids, jewelry and treasures to Egypt, thatÃ provided the luxurious living of their Pharaoh and ruling families and that made possible all ofÃ EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s military conquest, commercial expansion and influence and prestige abroad( Donadoni 1). III. Relationship of the Fellahin to their Pharaoh / government The relationship of the Fellahin to the Pharaoh/ government was more of a dictatorship; a religious, physical and intellectual enslavement that was carried on for almost three historic centuries. Like other early civilizations, Egypt had their own specific class system. At the top of the class stood Pharaoh and his royal family, then directly next to him were the priests and priestess, and then below them were the nobles who fought PharaohÃ¢â¬â¢s war. A small percentage of merchants, artisans and scribes made up the next rank. Then occupying the bottom of the ladder is the majority of the population, the fellahin. In ancient Egypt, Pharaoh was regarded as both a god and leader. Belief in the PharaohÃ¢â¬â¢s divinity and immortality developed during the reign of Menes around 3100 B.C. who by then establishes the first dynasty of rulers. Since then providing for their PharaohÃ¢â¬â¢s present and afterlife increasingly became the business of his subjects. This belief had become a tool to religiously enslave the fellahin, who paid their taxes without much complaint andÃ Ã were then always called upon to build tombs and pyramids for the next life of their Pharaoh. The fellahin of the past thought it rather unseemly to disobey their Pharaoh in view of his divinity (Perry 46). It is very amusing to note that the Egyptians correlate the PharaohÃ¢â¬â¢s divine power to the flooding of the Nile River. They believed that the Pharaoh had the power to control the flooding of the Nile, that it was him who was responsible for the regular floods that would water EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s land and make it possible to have a prosperous agriculture. A prosperous agriculture increases the PharaohÃ¢â¬â¢s popularity among the fellahin for itÃ Ã means that they have food to eat. No one then dares to anger their Ã¢â¬Å"divineÃ¢â¬ Pharaoh for it would mean famine (Butler 2007). Then to ensure that their Pharaoh will have a comfortable journey in the afterlife the fellahin built enormous tombs and pyramids for him (Perry 47). Some historians argued that the building of these enormous monuments was done through unpaid labor; others believed that they were paid in doing this task. Whichever is the case, it could not be denied that the Egyptian peasants were expected to perform the job during the time when EgyptÃ¢â¬â¢s land was flooded and the labor was exacted through a religious persuasion. In view of most ancient civilizations, leading the people to believe that their rulers were of divine origin was an effective way to make them obey their rulerÃ¢â¬â¢s rules, whether it was justifiable or not. It was a form of religious enslavement, taking advantage over the subjects fear or reverence of a Divine Being. After a religious enslavement, it would then be fairly easy to enslave the fellahin physically. For three historic centuries, the fellahin sustained the economy of Egypt. Practically from birth to death, they spend their whole lifetime in tilling the land irregardless of who the owners were (more often than not there was always a change in land ownership in certain periods of their life span). In theory, the Pharaoh owned all the land in Egypt but in practice he allowed them to be looked after by temple priests and landlords. Nevertheless, taxes were compulsory. The fellahin were assigned a plot of land from which to grow barley and wheat. Before harvest the season tax assessors would dutifully inspect the ripening crops. They would routinely measure the fields every year, comparing yields for each time interval. They would then calculate the area under cultivation, test the samples of the grain and based from the issue of the receipts of the seeds being utilized judge the quality of the crop, whether it yielded as was expected. The tax collector would then proceed to make an estimation of the outcome of the harvest and then imposed a 20% tax. With them using such technique, it would be impossible for the fellahin to fool them. And at the same time it provided an added pressure for the part of fellahin to attain such an expected calculated yield. When harvest time came, the winnowed grain was measured into baskets or sacks, and the scribes then enters the picture, ever ready and eager to count and record the quantity of the baskets or sack before they were stored in the granaries. Afterwards, the scribes and granary officialsÃ¢â¬â¢ mathematical mind began to work by Ã¢â¬Å"calculating the capacity of a granary and hence the value of the grain stored within it, and the comparative values of bread and beer based on the cost of their ingredientsÃ¢â¬ . Those who were unable to pay or were delayed in their payments were subjected to capital punishment. Such ancient information was gleaned by historians through the paintings on the walls of the tombs of the kings. Farmers were seen being beaten because of their failures to comply in taxation (Parson 1995). Another example of fellahin physical enslavement was attained through the corvee. While waiting for the harvest, the peasant men were expected to do the corvee. A corvee is Ã¢â¬Å"a system of forced, unpaid state service, exacted from the peasants for specific tasks such as construction and maintenance of roads, irrigation canals, dikes and sluices, the erection of large buildings, temples, pyramids, army duty, and mining or stone working in the quarriesÃ¢â¬ ( Parson 1995). Pyramid building was the most physically taxing of all for it involved the hard labor of excavating stone blocks, hauling stones to the site and setting them, masonry work, painting and sculpting (Perry 47). It is pretty obvious that the reason why it was easy for the rulers to religiously and physically enslave the fellahin was because of their illiteracy. In most, if not all civilizations, illiteracy was the greatest tool of the powerful rulers for intellectual enslavement for they were able to hide reality and truth from their subjects. The proof of the illiteracy of the fellahin can be observed by their inability to leave no written records of themselves; their thoughts, aspirations, cares and dreams. Knowledge about them were made possible only through the vivid portrayal of epigraphic sources such as paintings, reliefs and texts found in the walls of the tombs of their wealthy rulers or Pharaohs .Some passages that tell about their lives were written sometime in the Middle and New kingdoms in literary compositions of the scribes and also by classical authors such as Herodotus (Parson 2005). The teaching of reading and writing was exclusively reserved for the children of wealthy families who were expected to take on political responsibilities in adulthood. Most teaching was performed by scribes, whose work was hereditary (Perry 47). A prime example of intellectual enslavement can be illustrated by how the priest fooled the fellahin with their scientific knowledge. The priest knew that the year consisted ofÃ Ã 365 and Ã ¼ days, Ã through it they can predict with accuracy the flooding of the Nile River. They hide this knowledge from the rest of the Egyptians, specifically the illiterate fellahin. They pretend to warn the fellahin of an impending flooding a few days before it actually occurred. The priest would then offer to perform certain rites (with payments of course!)Ã while the illiterate fellahin stood ready to temporarily remove their homes, equipment and cattle from the area that would be flooded. The priests must have a good laugh when the fellahin would admire them for their Ã¢â¬Å"divine powersÃ¢â¬ , of having the ability to know in advance the flooding of the Nile. The knowledge of the priest in science and the ignorance of the fellahin enabled the priests to exploit the illiterate peasants for three centuries (Perry 49). The plight of the ignorant fellahin was a good lesson to learn from through the eyes of history. Knowledge is indeed very important for it enabled the literate one to detect and avoid the pitfalls ofÃ Ã exploitation and abuses. III. Ethiopian peasants Like the rest of the ancient world, the economy of Ethiopia was based on subsistence agriculture, with an aristocracy that consumed the surplus. Due to number of causes (which is going to be discussed later) the peasants lacked incentives to either improved production or to store their excess harvest; as a result they lived from harvest to harvest. The Ethiopian peasants in pre-1800 were largely engaged in agricultural and pastoral jobs under a feudal landowner or nobility. TheÃ poor plight of the peasants were being madeÃ worse by the fact that their country was vulnerable to outside invasion, primarily becauseÃ Ethiopia is situated in the path of the Islamic and Christian conquest to Africa. Moreover, they had to contend with civil conflicts. As result, there life was not stable and development was virtually absent. Aside from arm conflicts, they were also faced to battle periodic droughts. Nevertheless, the peasants can be counted upon to support the state to battle any outside opposition even at the cost of their own lives. IV. Relationship of the Ethiopian Peasant to their Rulers / government EthiopiaÃ¢â¬â¢s long history of foreign and civil wars had established a tyrannical dictatorship relationship between the Ethiopian peasants and their rulers. Dictatorship was brought about by religious, physical and intellectual enslavement. Like most ancient civilization, the Ethiopian Empire emerged in the same way as the ancient empires throughout the world which was through feudalism or serfdom. In feudalism, landowners allowed peasants to work in their land and then exact tributes or taxes from them. The beginning of the Ethiopian feudalism was in 600 A.D upon the establishment of Aksumite Kingdom. The largest landowner of all was of course the imperial family, and then next to him were the high nobility, then down to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. Extensive ownership of lands was also based on kinship or tribes (Lipsky 238). Peasants at times can claim lands but they were not recognized as its rightful owners. More often than not, the Emperor or rulers will confiscate these lands to be awarded to thousands of civil and military bureaucrats in gratitude to their loyalty and service (Marcus 3). Tributes and taxes were exacted by the wealthy landowners or nobility from the peasants on their estates. Payment of taxes was through in kind and in labor, as well as in gold and primitive money, such as cloth and salt. When the Emperor allowed the tribute or tax to be given to nobilities, the nobles in turn must pay the Emperor through provision of military aids. It was a known fact in the ancient world that an Ethiopian Emperor can gather a vast army out of the peasants (Pankhurst 179). In order to exercise a strong hold on the peasants the nobility burdened the peasants with debt that can only be repaid by forced labor. In this way, it can be literally said that the nobility controlled the lives of the peasants. Control can be described in such a way that the peasants cannot kill a cow (even though it is his own) unless he informs the landowner. Aside from that the nobles or landowners so ill-treat the peasants that the latter purposely did not maximize the production capabilities of the land. They only produce what was needed for survival. Still, the end losers were the peasants because thy continued to live in abject poverty while the landowners and nobles continued to live comfortable lives because of the never ending extraction of taxes and tributes (Pankhurst 230). The nobility retained also their strength by making it a duty for some men to enlist in his military service. This is especially crucial at times when the Emperor would seize his land to be given to another. In times of war, the taxes increased in order to support the needs for warfare. The taxes can be so high and unreasonable that they can be described as Ã¢â¬Å"taxing the peasants to deathÃ¢â¬ . In other words, it is the peasants who had to bear the burden of the military activities. Ironically, in spite of their hard labors the Emperor or rulers had the guts to confiscate the land owned by the peasants in order to be given to thousands of civil and military bureaucrats. Ã This state of affairs continued for centuries, so that it was not surprising if thousands of peasants lost their land and subsistence. With the decline of the dynasty in the 1700Ã¢â¬â¢s, Years of the Princes sets in characterized by a very unstable political condition in Ethiopia. The nobility fought each other to claim the throne. At this time, in most countryside, most individuals could claim but not own land, and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s holding depended on personal position, age influence, soil fertility, competing claims, and the political situation. If there was a smart noble who can could contrive a genealogy convincing enough to acquire land on the basis of descent, then the poor peasant would be in danger of losing his prized plots. In other words, there was no security for land tenure for the peasant. In view of the instability of the political system of Ethiopia at this time, even the nobles can lose their lands. The peasants were then plunged into much deeper poverty for neither peasant nor the nobles was willing therefore to invest or improve the land (Marcus 1986). Before 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s as Europe was on its way top building an empire through colonization, Ethiopia was forced to create modern army and transportation system to help deploy it. The costs associated with such improvements could only come from increased Ã¢â¬Å"tributeÃ¢â¬ from the peasants. Another dictatorship on Ethiopian peasants was achieved through religious enslavement. Religious wars between Moslems and Christians from 1300-1700 AD had placed the peasants in a very pathetic state, amidst a ruined country they were pushed back and forth across the land like pawns. The Ethiopians had always been proud of their ancestry of which they traced back to King Solomon, the King of Israel. They have always adapted a Christian religion some sixteen centuries ago, and this religion was safeguarded by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. The clergy of this church had been careful to instill to the Ethiopians that they were the Ã¢â¬Å"chosen onesÃ¢â¬ . They have rallied the peasants to fight against any form of religious aggression, especially by the Islamic conquerors and even inspired them to subdue the Islamic neighboring countries. This could only mean of course that the peasants had to engage in military warfare. By their sweat and their blood they had to defend their religious causes. It is not hard for the Emperor or their rulers to enlist them to military service as they themselves were consumed of their supposed Messianic purposes. Because of ongoing external and internal conflicts, the peasants had come to place a high value on personal courage, independence, self-reliance and self-assertiveness; they were lead to believe that the man who possesses those virtues had a divine favor. It must be remembered however, that the peasantÃ¢â¬â¢s loyalties were based on personalities rather than in any form of political ideologies. They believed that at the highest political level all political authority Ã¢â¬Å"has religious sanction which endows the ruler with divine status. Government was only instrumental to back up their claim (Lipsky 323). The last tyrannical dictatorship was done through intellectual enslavement. Like Egypt, the inhabitants of Ethiopia comprise a group of illiterate individuals. For a pre-1800 Ethiopia, two reasons can be pointed out why this was so. First, there were many languages and dialects in existence in Ethiopia and for most of them they have no written alphabets. And aside from that the clergy and the nobility had tried to put them in the dark so they were not keen on educating the peasants lest they lose their religious and political hold on them (Lipsky 89). V.Conclusion The history of the Ethiopian and Egyptian peasants at the hands of their ancient rulers is a sad one. In spite of their loyalties and hard work, they were treated unfairly and taken advantage of. Instead of gratitude, the rulers opted to adopt a dictatorial attitude towards them. Dictatorship was effectively carried out through religious, physical and intellectual enslavement. In other words, because of their ignorance, the nobility tricked them into believing that they were divine and as a consequence it was only fitting for the mortal peasants to serve them by means of provision and labor.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The themes of Ã¢â¬Å"Robin HoodÃ¢â¬ are many and complex. Robin hood has the theme of chivalry through out its pages. Every word empowers the average person to stand up to a evil government that oppresses its people. The themes are rich and interesting, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what makes robin hood a good story. They deal with feelings and emotions that do really happen to average people. The themes have importance to us all and can be truly entertaining when done in a clever way. Robin Hood showed many of these signs of chivalry, the way most of us show these signs of are morals, through actions. Stealing from the rich giving to the poor was one of the many ways robin hood showed his good nature. Another way was to court Made Marian, which on its own is a very cheval act. One of the mane rules of chivalry state that you must treat the farer sex with good taste he did this with Made Marian. His good nature and act of honor made Robin Hood a cheval man. Robin Hood was a chivalry kind of guy, helping people fight evil and ridding the countryside of a terrible king. Probably the best reason of his chivalry was his act of standing up to the evil king. He saw that there was a unjust situations and he had to take a role in taking that government down. He organized a legion of men to do this act of chivalry. He took chances to get deeds accomplished and he gloriously accomplished those things. The king, even though robin should have been honoring him, was evil and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why robin had to do what he did. Another one of the Robin Hood themes is one of empowerment. It is with this theme that the lower classes get recognized as a strong entity in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. This theme has the strongest meaning to the
Monday, January 13, 2020
VALUE CHAIN OF GOAT MILK PRODUCT Figure 1: Value Chain of Goat Milk Figure 1 shows the value chain of goat milk product. In order to be end product, there are several processes involved which are process of getting raw material then manufacturing process where the production process will take place. After that, the product will be distributed to the various channels. Under material, there are several parties will involve such as raw material supplier, transportation/logistic and technology supplier.Then, at the manufacture phase there will be some processes involve such as processing, quality control, packaging and labeling. Packaging will be focus because of most of the producer will outsource this process to other company rather than done by themselves. The reason of this outsourcing will be because of lack of skill and technology for the packaging process. When, the packaging and labeling are done by other company, the product will be not associated to the first owner anymore.In t he case of goat milk, the owner of the livestock is not been recognized anymore and lastly the finish product will be distributed to the user and consumer as a product of the packaging company. Malay proverb call this as Ã¢â¬Å"Lembu punya susu, Sapi dapat namaÃ¢â¬ means the original owner of the product has not been recognized and the product only been associated to the packaging and labeling company. Figure 2: INDUSTRY INVOLVE IN THE PROCESS OF PRODUCING FINISH PRODUCT OF GOAT MILKFigure 2 show the industries involved in producing the goat milk. As can be seen, Agriculture industry is the first industry involved where the livestock is coming from this industry. Most of the parties involved in this industry are Malay and Indian. Then, in order to package the product, it can be choose whether to use, bottle, box container, can and so on. For box and bottle for example, it will use woods and sand as the raw material to produce box and bottle then, other industry will involve too.T hen, the distribution process will involve with logistic company. Therefore, in producing a bottle or a box of milk, there are many parties and industries involved and take placed. Figure 3 below shows the value chain of the packaging process and the example of many type of packaging container. The figure shows the package is designed using the CAD and has been tested and evaluate before start the production process for the packaging. However, some companies do not use such as technology equipment in doing the packaging.This kind of packaging process should be done by the producer company and not supposed outsource the process because the outsource decision make the producer lost the originality and owner power towards the product. Figure 3: VALUE CHAIN OF PACKAGING PROCESS Source: www. nec. co. jp Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬â MATERIAL MANUFACTURE DISTRIBUTION PRODUCT USE Ã¢â¬â CUSTOMER/ USER Ã¢â¬â WHOLESALER Ã¢â¬â RETAILER Ã¢â¬â AGENT Ã¢â¬â PROCESSING Ã¢â¬â QC Ã¢â¬â LABELLING Ã¢â¬â PACKAGING Ã¢â¬â RAW MATERIAL SUPPLIER Ã¢â¬â TRANSPORT/ LOGISTIC Ã¢â¬â TECHNOLOGY SUPPLIER AGRICULTURE LOGISTIC WOOD/SAND PACKAGING OUTSOURCE!!!!
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Indeed, the pervasiveness of media in its abundant forms in contemporary US culture is undeniable. Almost everywhere one looks, one can find forms of media; a magazine at a doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s office, a billboard alongside a freeway, a painting at an art gallery, a performance on television or on stage. Media, undeniably, is ubiquitous. However, in all the innumerous forms media comes to us in, every one of these forms is created for a single purpose; to communicate an idea or message. Thus, it the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to interpret these forms and decipher their meaning has become critical. But how are students, as well as educators, supposed to interact and interpret media? Propitiously, just as with any subject of study, one must becomeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦7-8). Hoechsmann Poyntz furthers BuckinghamÃ¢â¬â¢s argument by eloquently writing, Ã¢â¬Å"Rather than being positioned as victims, a focus on mediaÃ¢â¬ ¦ addresses the complex ways youths become agents in th eir life and the lives of othersÃ¢â¬ (Hoechsmann Poyntz, 2012, p. 109). Indeed, because the singular purpose of media is to convey an idea or a message to the masses, media must have an audience; which is to say a group who consumes it. Further, because of its omnipresence in US culture, media will certainly almost always have an audience; for anyone who is exposed to media may be considered part of its audience; whether they consciously acknowledge their participation or not. Consequently, through a variety of forms, such as access to television and the internet, children today are exposed to media from a very early age. Assuredly, as Buckingham suggests, starting from a young age of even four or five, children have already started interacting with media (Buckingham, 2004, p. 41-45). Subsequently, children, from a very early age, most certainly, are members of the mediaÃ¢â¬â¢s audience. However, the central question presented here is whether children should be forced to remain a passive consumer or be encouraged to become an audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s ac tive participant. Most assuredly,Show MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Media Literacy1184 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesknowledge we can obtain from media is limitless. In order to be fully literate in this era, one needs to obtain knowledge on how to correctly use media. It is crucial to the well being of society that media literacy be included in the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ school curriculum. Media is the present and the future and we need to be able to understand how to use it to its unsurpassed ability. 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Saturday, December 28, 2019
Shrimp Fisheries Lena Buchanan MOL 504A Systems Thinking and The Learning Organization Professor Toni Pauls Warner Pacific College November 12th, 2012 Abstract There is an increase of shrimp demand and the wild fisheries and aquaculture shrimp production are in constant competition of who is going to be more profitable. In the last thirty years the aquaculture industry has expanded and there seems to be concern from the wild fisheries about the Ã¢â¬Å"boom and bustÃ¢â¬ cycles of shrimp production. Some environmentalist; however, have concerns that these two communities with their constant debate is impacting both the sea and the forests. There is no disagreement that the shrimp industry is expanding, nevertheless, there needs to be someÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦World production of shrimp both captured and farmed is around six million tons, about which 60 percent enters the world market. Shrimp is now the most important internationally traded fishery commodity in terms of value, with annual exports of shrimp currently worth more than US$10 billion, or 16 percent of all fishery imports (Gillet, 2008). Because of the high demand for fi sh around the world, both the wild shrimp catch and aquaculture sectors have been blamed for damaging the ocean and land environment. Following is a casual loop for both the wild shrimp fisheries and the shrimp aquaculture. Both industries have a common goal of making profit without regard to the environment, but it seems that the wild shrimp fisheries have the disadvantage of the wild shrimp not reproducing as fast as they are being gathered. Wild Shrimp Fisheries Ã¢â¬â Casual Loop Diagram Shrimp Aquaculture Ã¢â¬â Casual Loop Diagram The above diagrams should be used as a tool to facilitate an open discussion with the members of each party. Roger Murray needs to be responsible for asking the types of questions that will stimulate a discussion around solutions to the current problem. Managing the disagreements the members will have, will be crucial to ensure that the discussion does not stifle any ongoing conversations. Mr. Murray will need to ensure that each member has a voice in the conversation, with the understanding thatShow MoreRelatedThe Global Catch Of Shrimp Species1162 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1. Introduction Penaeid shrimps (Family Penaeidae: Rafinesque, 1815) are the most economically important crustaceans in the world as a primitive group of decapod (Abele, 1991; Chan, 1998; Dall et al., 1990). The family has a world-wide distribution in shallow, inshore tropical and subtropical waters. The highest diversity of the family members occurs in the Indo-West Pacific region with about 205 species grouped into 26 genera (Farfante and Kensley, 1997; Martin and Davis, 2001; McLaughlin et alRead More Preserving Sea Turtles in United States Essay1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesjust killed for their beautiful shell. However, the leading cause of sea turtle death in the US can be attributed to shrimp fishermen and the nets they use to catch shrimp (1). Each year, thousands of sea turtles are carelessly killed even though there are measures which can be taken to avoid this catastrophe. With proper usage of a device called the Turtle Excluder Device (TED), shrimp fishermen could reduce sea turtle deaths i n their nets by 97% (5) thereby increasing the likelihood for survival ofRead MoreThe Is A Conflict And Concern1382 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshurts labeling legislation. Mislabeling can negatively effects consumers by not allowing them to make informed decisions regarding their labeled purchases and possibly harming their health due to Ã¢â¬Å"incorrectÃ¢â¬ mercury intake. Mislabeling also hurts fisheries because threatened species may be under more fishing pressure than previously assumed. Lastly, mislabeling breaks import and export seafood regulations both internationally and nationally (Jacquet, 2008). Fishermen and seafood companies are misrepresentingRead MoreThe Downfall Of Marine Life On The Brink Of Catastrophic Collapse961 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"AlaskaÃ¢â¬â¢s wild salmon are one of the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s most extraordinary sustainable and renewable resources.Ã¢â¬ Alaska maintains it s healthy Salmon populations by managing fishing harvests and protecting the freshwa ter and ocean habitats where the fish spawn and grow. Wild Atlantic Salmon are now protected under the Endangered Species Act, but Alaskan Salmon are healthy and can provide food for a long time. http://www.alaskaseafood.org/industry/qc/pages/harvest/index2.html Alaska s Harvest- Wild, SustainableRead MoreFactors Affecting Marine Fisheries Of Fish Naivete From A No Take Marine Protected Area892 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSpecies-Specific Export of Fish NaÃ ¯vetÃ © from a No-Take Marine Protected Area in a Coastal Recreational Hook and Line Fishery. PLoS ONE 10(8): e0135348. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0135348 AlÃ ³s et al tested, exporting fish from no-take marine protected areas (MPA) will affect the catchability of overall fish populations. MPAs have proven to be essential tools in conserving marine fisheries. They lead to necessary ecological effects on the surrounding area while protecting the habitat and longevity of fishRead MoreOverfishing: One of the Major Problems that We Face in our Oceans Today2429 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesexperiencing overfishing or are already overfished. 2. Ocean fisheries increased their global wild fish catch by 500 percent between the years 1950 and 1997. In 2000, fisheries met their highest amount of fish caught, peaking at 96 million tons. Fisheries did not fall during the years 2000 to 2006 because of outdated technology and the choice to fish less, but rather because the fish population has been exhausted due to overfishing. Fisheries have become so productive at fishing with new technologiesRead MoreIssues Associated with the Endangerment of the Green Sea Turtles1103 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdirectly, it affects our ecosystems. Ã¢â¬Å"Major threats to the survival of the green sea turtle are the drowning of sea turtles in shrimp nets, destruction of nesting beaches and commercial exploitation of sea turtle eggsÃ¢â¬ as stated by the Sea Turtle Restoration Project5. According to the World Wildlife Fund4, Ã¢â¬Å"hundreds of thousands of sea turtles a year are accidentally caught in shrimp trawl nets, on long line hooks and in fishing gillnets.Ã¢â¬ Also Ã¢â¬Å"uncontrolled coastal development, vehicle traffic on beachesRead MoreThe Exxon Valdez Oil Spill1090 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesregard to sport fishery in Prince William Sound target five species of Pacific Salmon, several species of groundfish (halibut, rockfish and lingcod), shrimp and clams, as well as cutthroat trout and Dolly Varden (State of Alaska, 2015). These fisheries depend primarily on wild stocks (State of Alaska, 2015). However, six private non-profit hatcheries contribute substantially to several salmon fisheries, and state hatcheries support fisheries in three stocked lakes and king salmon fisheries in Valdez,Read MoreAtlantic Cod : Evolutionary Selection For Small Bodied Fish And Recovery Of Fisheries1368 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfor small bodied fish and recovery of fisheries By 1993, the north Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) stock had decreased to less than 5% of what it once was. Unsustainable fishing practices have disrupted Atlantic cods natural physical/biological processes, abundance, and food web. Thus, Atlantic cod have evolved smaller body size in response to fishery-induced evolution, the question arises of whether this evolved trait may affect the recovery of the cod fishery; and if this trait may, in fact, be reversibleRead MoreBuilding Of An Aquaculture / Aquaponics Building On Uf Campus1259 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesneeding to use pesticides. The FAO reports that about 30% of our wild fisheries are over fished, and so the need for more sustainable fisheries is needed. In order to overcome issues relating to the inland production of fish, proper education, as well as innovative equipment development will be needed. Hands on learning in this field will be of importance in developing episodic and procedural knowledge on the actual workings of a fishery . Being in an academic environment around such issues as diseases
Thursday, December 19, 2019
National economics are often adversarial in nature, a global contest where countries seek to gain advantage over their neighbors, all in the name of wealth and gain. America is no stranger to the game; the U.S. has been the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s economic leader for the better part of a century. China, however, is the leading contender for the economic top-spot (), and America continues playing directly into ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s hand. AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s current trading posture with China is drastically skewed in ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s favor; if America is going to preserve its position as the leading economic power, existing U.S.-Chinese trading agreements will need to be revised, and additional regulations must be introduced to promote balanced dealing. The consequences of losing theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In reality, however, trade with China has economically compromised America. Unfair trading has caused U.S. exports to China to diminish, cost the U.S. millions of jobs, and caused the U.S.Ã¢â¬â¢s trade deficit to grow to record levels (Scott). Even balanced deals quickly bias to ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s favor through ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s market manipulation strategies. Free-trade, it seems, is neither fair nor impartial when one of the parties is not actually free, as in ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s case. Assuming China will not simply adopt a free-market to level the playing field while it is tilted in their favor, controlled trade should be introduced between the two countries in order to provide a balanced venue and mitigate the impact of state-controlled influence on the free market. At the heart of these issues is one disturbing fact: China does not play by the rules. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s market is largely a state controlled participant in the otherwise free markets (Dorn 78). The situation has not gone completely unnoticed, in 2012 President Obama announced the creation of a Trade Enforcement Unit, specifically citing unfair trading practices in China (Ã¢â¬Å"Obama AnnouncesÃ¢â¬ ). Despite AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s first-steps toward economic defense, the speed at which American wealth migrates to China continues to increase (U.S. Census Bureau). OstensiblyShow MoreRelatedHomosexual Culture in America and China992 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageseyes. This paper is centered on homosexual culture especially in America and China. General concepts on homosexual Homosexual used to be the abominable crime not to be mentioned. in America. After the word Ã¢â¬Å"gayÃ¢â¬ emerged for years, a vast majority of American start to change their attitude. Now they retain a deep loathing toward homosexuals, but there is a growing mixture of tolerance, empathy or apathy. While the situation in China is almost the same. Subjected to conservative traditional conceptRead MoreDifferences Between America And China985 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages When we compare with America and China, we will find that there are so many differences between this two countries, and here I mainly talk about their difference in education in this paper. Throughout all kinds of points among their differences, we can sum up to six aspects: the study style, the importance of education, the method of teaching, examination and the purpose of education. First, American Education tells students that study is just to study for themselves for the purpose of makingRead MoreTrade Between China And Latin America1162 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn 1999, trade between China and Latin America totaled approximately $8 billion; by 2009, that number had had grown to $130 billion. Earlier this year, a study by the United NationsÃ¢â¬â¢ Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) concluded that by the year 2016, trade between China and Latin America will surpass that between the Eurozone and Latin America, making China Latin AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s second largest trading partner. Most studies of this partnership have focused on: a growing securityRead Moretable manner between china and america1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Table Manners between China and America Manners reflect oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personality. Table manners are art that reveals oneÃ¢â¬â¢s culture. There are many table manners around the world. It is also necessary to learn more table manners because of the rapid process of globalization. Using utensils, eating gestures, and serving food are different between China and America. Frist, using the utensils is different between China and America. In the United States, people would like to putRead MoreForeign Relations Between America And China1421 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesreciprocate United States President Barack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s trip to Beijing last November in 2014. The visit served as an opportunity to bolster US-China relations and cooperation among a variety of global and bilateral issues, endeavoring to close their discord and strive for progress. It also served as a strategic move to improve the relationship between America and China so that they stay on track with their Bilateral Investment Treaty negotiations. The two leaders both addressed issues such as ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s allegedRead MoreThe Cultural Customs Of America, Vietnam And China3344 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pages4. Festival Celebrations Ã¢â¬ ¢ Festival Activities Ã¢â¬ ¢ Traditional Food 5. Wedding Customs Ã¢â¬ ¢ Wedding Dress Ã¢â¬ ¢ Wedding Ceremony 6. Conclusion Works Cited Executive Summary This report is about the social customs in America, Vietnam and China. Social customs include actions and behaviors that are expected of a particular culture, and people could learn the particular culture via its social customs. We introduced four aspects in the report: dining etiquette, gift presenting etiquetteRead MoreMarketing Strategies For Entry Into China And North America847 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesattempting new management and business strategies. Strategies for entry into China and North America varied significantly due to many cultural and economic factors. The value proposition in Western nations is geared towards value-conscious consumers who desire a low price and moderate quality. In China products are more marketed toward relatively-affluent middle classes as Ikea seeks to establish its brand in China as aspirational and offering a Western-style design and lifestyle. Ikea also alteredRead MoreRelations Between the United States of America and China559 Words Ã |Ã 2 PagesFor many years America has been considered one of the most powerful nations in the world. Along with having a strong army and navy force. America is also known for it wealth and the use of fossil fuels. China on the other hand got their money from the profit of other countries buying products from them. It is known that the U.S and china have a long history but in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s economy America has been in a lot of recessions. Meanwhile in china still makes money off of the U.s from buying products andRead MoreA Comparative Study of Family Values Between China and America960 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA Comparative Study of Family Values between China and America Introduction We were born into a familyÃ¯ ¼Å' mature in a familyÃ¯ ¼Å' form new familiesÃ¯ ¼Å' and leave them at our death. Family life is a universal human experience. The family is among the oldest and the most fundamental of all human institutions. As we know that family is the miniature of the societyÃ¯ ¼Å' and therefore different family values are the reflections of distinguishing cultures in different countries. In order to get the betterRead MoreThe Comparison and Contrast of Education Systems Between China and America1795 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesContrast of Education Systems between China and America The following essay will compare and contrast the education systems between China and America. The term Education System can be defined asÃ¢â¬ The system of formalized transmission of knowledge and values operating within a given society (Trade Chakra Website, Ã¢â¬Å"Education System in MalaysiaÃ¢â¬ ). In china, the education is divided into three categories: basic education, higher education, and adult education (China Education and Research Network Website